Human societies face the enormous challenge of having to provide food and livelihoods to a growing population, while addressing the disproportionate impacts of climate change and environmental degradation on the resource base. Fisheries and aquaculture play an essential role for food security and nutrition as identified by the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for sustainable development.
An increased supply of food from fisheries and aquaculture is required, while it is also important to reduce the current overfishing of our oceans. Thankfully, overfishing is starting to be addressed. The capture fishery production has been relatively static since the late 1980s while aquaculture has been responsible for the continuing impressive growth in the supply of fish for human consumption. Aquaculture is the today fastest growing food production industry and has recently matched the volumes of catch from fisheries.