In Situ TEM Biasing & Heating

The Lightning system expands the application space of your TEM, providing the unique possibility to link processing conditions with the structure, properties and performance of your materials and devices. The state-of-the-art Nano-Chip features a 4-point-probe method to accurately control biasing and heating and retrieve meaningful data. Its design sustains the highest reachable electrical fields and temperatures, either individually or simultaneously.